:: Volume 1, Issue 40 (Winter 2020) ::
پژوهشنامه تاریخ اسلام 2020, 1(40): 29-50 Back to browse issues page
How Saqaliba slaves were transferred to Andalusia in the Umayyad period
Sepide Tabari Kochaksaraei, Younes Farahmand *, Hadi Alemzadeh
Abstract:   (1047 Views)
Slave bargain that was common in the West of Europe for a long time continued after the conquer of Andalusia by Muslims in the last decade of the first century A.H. Meanwhile, slaves from the northern regions of Spain, especially Slavic lands, entered the Andalusian markets. These slaves, known in medieval Islamic sources as Saqaliba, were often bought by Jewish merchants and transferred to Andalusia in the west Islamic world. The main question of the research is that where was the prime origin and geographical dispersion of Saqaliba and how did they enter the community of Andalusia? Findings indicate that Saqaliba were a group of white people living in Eastern and Central Europe that had entered Andalusia as slaves. The Umayyad rulers of Andalusia, who were harassed of ethnic and tribal competitions of Berbers and the Arabs used this opportunity for their government permanence in Andalusia. Thus, the Slave bargain of Saqaliba has been beneficial for all the three sides of this triangle transfer i.e., the slaves, the Jewish merchants, and the Umayyad governors.
Keywords: Slavs, Umayyads of Andalusia, Andalusia, Slaves, Jewish merchants, Saqaliba.
Full-Text [PDF 610 kb]   (244 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/1 | Accepted: 2021/01/4

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Volume 1, Issue 40 (Winter 2020) Back to browse issues page