:: Volume 1, Issue 11 (10-2013) ::
پژوهشنامه تاریخ اسلام 2013, 1(11): 101-147 Back to browse issues page
Sociology of Religious Epistemology of Mashrouta Jurists Part one (with Focus on Mirza Mohammad Hussein Naini's Views)
Abstract:   (2590 Views)

Sociology of Religious Epistemology of Mashrouta Jurists

Part one (with Focus on Mirza Mohammad Hussein Naini's Views)

Mehdi Ferdowsi Mashhadi[1]


After the entrance of  '' Parliamentarism " to Iran ( 1324), Mirza Mohammad Hussein Naini, through reference to holy Quran and hadith, worked for justifying this doctrine. Contrary to him, Sheikh Fazlollah Noori, through reference to holy Book, rejected this nascent idea. The existing differences between the points of views of these two Muslim jurists, about the very same phenomenon, can be discussed within theoretical frameworks of sociology of knowledge, religious knowledge and historical sociology of their time.  This study, through focusing on Social Construction of Reality (proposed by Peter Berger) and historical sociology of Mashrouta era, aims at clarifying the religious sociology of these two jurists. According to Berger's theory, knowledge (epistemology) emerges both from everyday affairs and higher-order theories. The beholders of such pieces of knowledge transfer them to their next generation and in this way there are interactions between the real and mental worlds of people of the society. Given that, our awareness is neither absolutely given nor acquired, but there are dialogical relations between mind and object. Religious epistemology is no exception to this view. The present paper aims at explicating this issue that Naini's attempts for justifying social ideals of his time and Noori's attempts for maintaining the existing conditions and dominant ideologies arise from their religious epistemologies; though their next generation could not stand the monarchy.


[1]. PhD student of University of Religions and Denominations, Study of Religion Department, Qom, Iran. mahdi.ferdowsi@gmail.com

Keywords: Sociology of cognition, Mashrouta, Religious knowledge, Development of Islamic jurisprudence, Mohammad Hussein Naini.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/23 | Accepted: 2016/11/23

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Volume 1, Issue 11 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page