[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 1, Issue 28 (12-2017) ::
پژوهشنامه تاریخ اسلام 2017, 1(28): 5-26 Back to browse issues page
Mutawakkil's attitude to the theological schools; case study of Mu'tazilah and Ahl al-Hadith
Abstract:   (2385 Views)
Mu'tazilites, as an intellectual theological school flourishing at the early Abbasid era, had a great influence on the establishment of Abbasid caliphate.  This paper, using a descriptive and analytical method based on library resources, attempts to explain causes and contexts of the rise and  decline of this intellectual school, as well as the relations between the Mu'tazilites and the other outstanding theological school known as Ahl al-Hadith. The main question of the paper is why Mutawakkil (r. 847-861), despite of the marvellous contribution of Mu'tazilites to intellectual development in Islamic society, was opposed to them. The study's conclusion is that caliph Ma'mun (r. 813-833), in confrontation with Amin (r. 809-813) and his supporting sect of al-Hashwiyah which denied the authority of Ma'mun, intended to ratify the opposite thought system of Mu'tazilites who stood against orthodox Arabs. After Ma'mun, Mutawakkil, again by supporting Ahl al-Hadith, combated Mu'tazilites and tried to restore Arab nationalism.
Keywords: Mu'tazilites, Ahl al-Hadith, Ma'mun, Mutawakkil, theological schools.
Full-Text [PDF 4432 kb]   (1002 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/01/5 | Accepted: 2019/01/5

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mutawakkil's attitude to the theological schools; case study of Mu'tazilah and Ahl al-Hadith . پژوهشنامه تاریخ اسلام. 2017; 1 (28) :5-26
URL: http://journal.isihistory.ir/article-1-546-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 1, Issue 28 (12-2017) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش نامه تاریخ اسلام (فصلنامه انجمن ایرانی تاریخ اسلام) Quartely Research Journal of Islamic History
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4422