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:: Volume 1, Issue 46 (summer 2022) ::
islamhistory 2022, 1(46): 68-68 Back to browse issues page
The consequences of the First World War on the economy and business of Kermanshah in Qajar dynasty
Fariborz Modaraie , Mohammad Mahmoudpour , Ghanbar Ali Roudgar
Abstract:   (237 Views)
Kermanshah was one of the strategic places in Iran during the First World War (1914 - 1918). This state was damaged a lot economically and commercially during that war. The research question is how the First World War effected Kermanshah's economic and commercial situation to the end of Qajar dynasty. This research is based on a descriptive-analytic approach using library sources and especially documentaries depending on travelogues and memories. Findings of this research indicate that economy and trade of Kermanshah for owing to factors such as local competent rulers, the policy of the Iranian government, and the commercial allies of Iran was prosperous from the 19th century to the beginning of the First World War. However, with the beginning of the war and the occupation of Kermanshah by the allies and its consequences such as the destruction of agricultural and livestock products, looting and occupation of customs, disturbance in the post and telegraph process, circulation of hostile countries' currency, absence of safety and destruction of infrastructures, the great famine and prevalence of disease after the war made recession in the trade. However, after the end of the war the economy and business in Kermanshah, due to external and internal factors, became prosperous again to the extent that in 1924 it was the most important imported city in Iran.
Keywords: Economic history of Kermanshah, Qajar dynasty, Kermanshah, First World War.
Full-Text [PDF 418 kb]   (69 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/07/8 | Accepted: 2022/09/16

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Modaraie F, Mahmoudpour M, Roudgar G A. The consequences of the First World War on the economy and business of Kermanshah in Qajar dynasty. islamhistory 2022; 1 (46) :68-68
URL: http://journal.isihistory.ir/article-1-1345-en.html

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Volume 1, Issue 46 (summer 2022) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش نامه تاریخ اسلام (فصلنامه انجمن ایرانی تاریخ اسلام) Quartely Research Journal of Islamic History
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