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:: Volume 1, Issue 9 (4-2013) ::
پژوهشنامه تاریخ اسلام 2013, 1(9): 135-151 Back to browse issues page
Hejaz Music during the Omavid Era
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Hejaz Music during the Omavid Era

Mohammad Sepehri[1]

Abstract

Art with all its branches including painting, illumination, portrait painting, music and architecture are among lasting aspects of Islamic culture and civilization. Islamic art is highly integrated with transcendence and Islamic understanding; in a way that mosque as the main religious centre for Muslims is also called “gallery” of Islamic arts. This indicates the high status and elevated position of art among Muslim believers and religious scholars. Among other branches of art, music is quite important from several aspects; in a way that we can consider this amusing and attracting branch of art as mankind’s twin. Of course, Islam has defined music within particular frameworks and religious scholars and Muslim jurists have held certain perspectives with regard to it, which are beyond the scope of this study. However, there have always been songwriters, musicians, and singers in Islamic societies who—through acting in contradiction to the ideas of strict jurists—have amused their listeners with their charming music; in a way that, during the first Islamic century, music grew and developed tremendously in Mecca and Medina and made these two schools surpass the rivals. The main question investigated in this study is what factor or factors contributed to the tremendous growth of music in Mecca and Medina in less than a century. The assumption is that there were policies adopted by the Omavids—particularly Moaviyeh—to make people engaged with luxury and pleasure and separate them from jihad and fighting with corruption and oppression. In this vein, they capitalized on spreading and encouraging various non-political affairs like poetry reading, singing and music among people of Mecca and Medina. Furthermore, the battle of Karbala, Horreh event and capture of holy Mecca are assumed to be among the main factors in making people attracted to charming music and songs played by musicians. The present study, through focusing on this issue, attempts to recognize the outstanding Mecca and Medina music figures.

 

[1]. Professor of History at Islamic Azad University Tehran Branch. Tehran. Iran. Sepehran55@yahoo.com

Keywords: Mecca, Medina, Music, Singers, Musicians, Omavids.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/19 | Accepted: 2016/11/19


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Hejaz Music during the Omavid Era. پژوهشنامه تاریخ اسلام. 2013; 1 (9) :135-151
URL: http://journal.isihistory.ir/article-1-104-en.html


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Volume 1, Issue 9 (4-2013) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش نامه تاریخ اسلام (فصلنامه انجمن ایرانی تاریخ اسلام) Quartely Research Journal of Islamic History
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